Sunflower Highlights
Post Date: Oct 10 2023
Crop Progress - Tuesday, October 10, 2023
State This Week Last Week Last Year 5 Year Average
North Dakota        
Bracts Yellow 93 85 94 95
Mature 78 59 79 80
Harvested 2 -- 9 10
South Dakota        
Bracts Yellow 97 88 -- --
Mature 64 51 -- --
Harvested 3 1 6 9
Harvested 17 5 9 17
Harvested 80 75 85 74
Harvested 37 23 13 14
Harvested 16 -- 9 14
Crop Conditions - Tuesday, October 10, 2023
State Timeframe Very Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
North Dakota This week 5 7 27 56 5
  Last week 3 8 28 52 9
Minnesota This week 0 4 44 51 1
  Last week 0 3 44 52 1
Colorado This week 0 2 20 75 3
  Last week 1 3 12 80 4
South Dakota This week 4 5 42 46 3
  Last week 2 5 43 50 2
Grower report
Regent, ND grower Josh Greff says he hopes to start harvesting sunflowers in a couple weeks. He does not desiccate and did not have any disease or weed issues this year. He says his crop looks good with even stands and heads. They have been receiving rain weekly. He says it looks more like June in his area than October.
A widespread killing freeze occurred in many areas of the sunflower growing region ending the 2023 growing season. The majority of the crop was mature or close to maturity when the freeze occurred. If sunflowers were not mature there could be some reduction in yield, test weight, oil content and discolored seed coats. At this point it’s too early to determine if the freeze resulted in crop quality issues, more will be known as harvest progresses. Sunflower harvest has started in the Dakotas and Minnesota. In Texas, harvest continues to move along ahead of the five-year average. In the past week, producers harvested an additional 40,445 acres pushing 2023 harvested acres to about 90,625 acres. This represents 7% of this year’s projected harvested acres and is slightly behind last year at this same time. At the crush plants the October and November contracts were unchanged to up 40 cents this week. Traders are eagerly awaiting to see USDA’s first estimate of 2023 US harvested sunflower acres and total seed production that will be released this week. The market is expecting to see much lower seed production based on reduced harvested acres this year. This report along with actual harvest reports will set the tone for nearby sunflower price direction in the near term. The market will also be keeping tabs on the latest geopolitical conflicts in both the Middle East and Black Sea region. Events taking place could cause energy and grain prices to move higher.
Monitor for Phomopsis stem canker
With the sporadic rains, it is important to scout for Phomopsis stem canker and other sunflower diseases. For Phomopsis stem canker, a light to dark colored lesion develops on the stem, and a possible discoloration on the sunflower head.  Mathew’s lab at North Dakota State University is needing sunflower plant samples that are suspected of Phomopsis stem canker. Using culture techniques and DNA-based assays, the fungus causing Phomopsis stem canker will be determined. For information on how to send samples, please contact Febina Mathew ( The address to send samples (only diseased stem and/or head rot) is Febina Mathew, NDSU Plant Pathology Dept., 1402 Albrecht Blvd., 306 Walster Hall, Fargo, ND 58102. For more on Phomopsis stem canker or other sunflower diseases, visit
Reduce the risk of combine fires
As sunflower harvest gets underway, a reminder about reducing the risk of combine fires this harvest season. Be sure to keep a clean work area when harvesting sunflower. Blow the combine and grain dryer setup with an air hose daily. Also, try nighttime harvesting when humidity levels are higher. And keep a small pressure sprayer filled with water on hand in the combine. For more information, visit Combine Fire Responses (
Upcoming Events
January 10-11, 2024 - NSA Research Forum; Holiday Inn; Fargo, ND
June 25-27, 2024 - NSA Summer Seminar; Duluth, MN
Markets at a Glance
Weekly Prices Recorded on Tuesday, October 10, 2023 ($/CWT)
  Deliver Last Year Last Week This Week Change 2024 NEW Crop
Chicago Oil Nearby 68.98 59.85 53.99 -5.86 53.23
West Fargo, ND NuSun 28.00 NQ NQ unch NQ
West Fargo, ND High Oleic 28.75 17.25 17.65 +.40 NQ
Enderlin, ND NuSun 27.70 16.70 16.70 unch NQ
Enderlin, ND High Oleic 28.70 17.70 17.70 unch NQ
Lamar, CO High Oleic 28.00 18.00 18.00 unch NQ
U.S. CRUDE OIL VALUES recorded on Tuesday, October 10, 2023
(dollars per 100 lb. internal U.S. locations)
  Last Year Last Week This Week Change
Soybean Oil 71.97 65.35 58.73 -6.62
Cotton Oil (pbsy) 115.47 94.85 88.23 -6.62
Corn Oil 124.00 72.00 72.00 unch

Prices recorded here are believed to be reliable at the time of posting. All prices are subject to change. Contact these facilities for complete market details.
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