Sunflower Highlights
July 8, 2019
Crop Progress
North Dakota's sunflower crop is 100 percent planted, and two percent of the crop is already blooming. Eighty-one percent of the North Dakota sunflower crop is reported in good to excellent condition. Meanwhile, planting is wrapping up in other reporting states and harvest has begun in Texas.
Crop Progress - Monday, July 8, 2019
State This Week Last Week Last Year 5 Year Average
North Dakota        
Planted 100 99 100 100
Emerged 94 89 95 ---
Blooming 2 --- 7 4
South Dakota        
Planted 98 93 95 98
Colorado        
Planted 93 87 98 95
Kansas        
Planted 90 84 91 93
Texas        
Planted 85 75 99 96
Harvested 2 --- 34 ---
Crop Conditions - Monday, July 8, 2019
State Very Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
North Dakota 0 2 17 77 4
Colorado 0 0 16 76 8
Minnesota 0 1 17 71 11
Grower Report
It has been a wet July for Onida, South Dakota producer Chuck Todd. Todd says last week alone his farm in central South Dakota received between 4.5 and 6 inches of rain. He says overall, the sunflower in the area look pretty good. Todd says sunflowers are anywhere from just emerging to more than a foot tall. So far, he has not noticed any insect or disease issues, but he says some warm and dry days will help the crop.
New Hybrid Sunflower Seed Production Manual Available for California Producers
California is the leading producer of hybrid sunflower seed used around the United States and the world. Now, a team of researchers has put together a new 2019 sunflower hybrid seed production manual for California. The manual provides information on production needs, such as irrigation and nutrient management, as well as a color guide to insect pests, diseases and weeds of concern for hybrid sunflower seed production. The manual is available for free download; click herefor your copy. Authors of the manual include UC Cooperative Extension farm advisors Rachel Long, Sarah Light and Konrad Mathesius, retired USDA plant pathologist Thomas Gulya, UC Cooperative Extension irrigation specialist Khaled Bali, and emeritus UC Cooperative Extension soils specialist Roland Meyer.
Reminder About Stored Seed
Producers who have stored seed are reminded to keep a close eye on seed moisture. Verify the seed moisture content is dry enough for storage at summer temperatures The recommended long-term moisture contents are 8 percent for oil sunflowers and 10 percent for confectionary sunflowers. The market moisture content may be higher, but storing warm grain at higher moisture contents may lead to mold growth. Mold growth and insect infestations occur rapidly at summer temperatures so stored grain should be checked every two weeks. Click here for more information on how to safely store seed.
Upcoming Events
January 8-9, 2020: NSA Research Forum, Holiday Inn, Fargo, ND
Markets
On June 28 the USDA released the Acreage and Grain Stocks reports.  While the Grain Stocks report provided some support for both corn and soybeans, the Acreage report indicated higher than expected corn acres and lower than expected soybean acres.  The acreage numbers bring about a substantial amount of uncertainty in the corn and soybean markets. USDA plans to re-survey 14 Midwestern states, including each of the key corn and soybean production states. The results will be released on August 12, so it appears the market uncertainty is set to stay in place throughout most of this summer until more is known. Area planted to sunflower in 2019 totals 1.38 million acres, up 6 percent from 2018. Harvested area is expected to increase 8 percent from last year to 1.32 million acres. Planted area of oil type varieties, at 1.23 million acres, is up 5 percent from 2018, and harvested area is also expected to increase 7 percent from last year to 1.18 million acres. These figures were below industry expectations. Planted acreage of non-oil varieties, estimated at 155,000, is up 13 percent from last year. Harvested area is expected to increase 16 percent from last year to 143,500 acres. The non-oil figures were in line with trade expectations. Total planted sunflower acres were 2 percent higher than the March planting intentions report. Weather forecasts and crop condition ratings will be the market movers in the week ahead.
Weekly Prices Recorded on Monday, July 8, 2019 ($/CWT)
  Deliver Last Year Last Week This Week Change 2019 NEW Crop
Chicago Oil Nearby 28.74 27.98 27.86 -.12 28.48
Fargo, ND NuSun 18.00 17.60 17.60 NC 16.65
Fargo, ND High Oleic 17.90 17.90 17.90 NC 16.85
Enderlin, ND NuSun 17.80 17.40 17.50 +.10 16.85
Enderlin, ND High Oleic 17.80 17.70 17.80 +.10 17.05
Goodland, KS NuSun 16.60 16.50 16.50 NC 16.30
Goodland, KS High Oleic 17.60 17.60 17.60 NC 17.55
Prices recorded here are believed to be reliable at the time of posting. All prices are subject to change. Contact these facilities for complete market details.
U.S. CRUDE OIL VALUES recorded on Monday, July 8, 2109
(dollars per 100 lb. internal U.S. location)
  Last Year Last Week This Week Change
Soybean Oil 27.11 27.63 27.49 -.14
Cotton Oil (psby) 27.86 36.95 36.86 -.12
Corn Oil 34.00 29.00 29.00 NC
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