2018 NSA Research Priorities
The National Sunflower Association (NSA) provides grants to public researchers to stimulate new or additional work that may result in lower production costs, increased quality and higher yields. The NSA does not allow for any overhead or indirect costs to be removed from the grant awards.

Resolving Sclerotinia continues to be a high priority. Grant requests for this disease must be directed to the National Sclerotinia Initiative. Please go to their site for details or email info@whitemoldresearch.com. There is a concentrated research effort in this disease from wild accessions to fungicide trials and everything in between. Researchers are urged to consider additional or new directions in Sclerotinia sunflower research.
 
The 2018 Research Priorities list below specifies ‘areas of interest' outlined by the NSA research committee. This is not an exclusive list and all production areas of research will be considered by the committee. 
 
The National Sunflower Association (NSA) has changed its research grant application process. In the past researchers submitted a full proposal by the announced deadline. Researchers now need to submit a two-page maximum pre-proposal for all new projects that includes the scope of work, objectives and total project cost.  The NSA Research Committee will review each pre-proposal and then vote whether or not to receive a full proposal from the researcher. Principal investigators will only need to submit a full proposal if selected. Pre-proposal grant applications are due by October 10, 2017. We hope this change makes the process of applying for NSA research grants more efficient and expeditious. 
 
This call for pre-proposals is issued in conjunction with the State Board of Agricultural Research and Education.  Proposals can be submitted jointly using the same application form. Policies and procedures for this grant program can be found here
 
If you are currently working on a project that was approved in the past two years, you do not need to submit a pre-proposal to ask for additional funding for 2018. You will be notified to submit a full proposal. 
Click here for 2018 Pre-Proposal Research Grant Application file size: 16 kb

NOTE: Pre-proposal grant applications will be accepted electronically in Microsoft Word ONLY. No PDF documents will be accepted. Email completed Word documents to tinam@sunflowernsa.com. You will receive a return email showing that your pre-proposal has been received. All pre-proposal applications will be reviewed by the NSA research committee in late October 2017. Applicants will be informed shortly thereafter if chosen to submit a full proposal. Full proposals will be reviewed by the NSA research committee in mid-January 2018 and the NSA Board of Directors will make final funding decisions in late February or early March. 
2018 NSA Research Priorities
(NOT listed in order or priority)
Production Issues
  1. Blackbirds:  Innovative and new approaches to reduce damage, especially discovery of repellents.
  2. Factors related to achieving an adequate plant stand.  This could include: planter calibration and other planter issues, early season sunflower plant screening for stand, seeding depth, soil temperature/moisture, seedling vigor, seed biology, insects/diseases and other.  Skips and doubles and the affect they have on yield loss.
  3. Methods, techniques or equipment for applying fungicides for control of diseases and enhance yield.  Issues of timing and tank mixing with insecticides/herbicides are of interest.  There is a strong preference for using labeled fungicides and the efficacy of adjuvants.  Preference for the control of Phomopsis and Sclerotinia.
  4. Improve genetic progress in sunflower to enhance competitiveness with other crops and stability of yield and quality, using SNPs or other genomic tools.
  5. Variable rate for seeding and fertility management for sunflower
  6. Determine the economic costs and benefits of using pesticide seed treatments to control major soil pests of sunflower (e.g., wireworms, downy mildew) and to establish their overall impact on profitability of sunflower production.
  7. Identification, quantification and or development of management strategies to address emerging economically important production issues for sunflower. 
Insects
  1. Evaluation of IPM strategies (chemical, cultural, biological, trapping) for control of economically important insect pests of sunflowers including: sunflower head moth, banded sunflower moth, red sunflower seed weevil, Lygus bug, Dectes stem borer, wireworm and others.
  2. Screen hybrid and breeding material for insect resistance.  
Weeds
  1. Innovative weed control strategies using older and new chemistries to address palmer amaranth, horseweed (Marestail), ragweed, waterhemp and glyphosate resistant kochia, pre/burn-down and/or post emerge.
  2. Weed species shifts, due to resistance/tolerance to common modes of action need to be considered for burn-down uses, as well as existing post systems like Clearfield® and Express®Sun.  This priority could include burn-down product safe planting interval definition for all effective herbicides, including older products like 2,4-D, as well as preservation and MOA resistance management for the post-emerge Group #1 grass products.  Group #1 strategies might include pre-plant, pre (and/or) early post application of other non-group #1 MOA’s as well as tank mixing sub-groups (fops/dims) of labeled group #1 products. Foxtail options need to be better defined for sunflower producers, though wild oat control may be the greater challenge in the grass species spectrum.
  3. Interest in innovative weed control techniques related to existing labels and to test experimental or new-to-market herbicides for potential sunflower application.  
Diseases
  1. Phomopsis is of concern throughout the production region.
  2. Rust including identifying races and the control of rust via genetic resistance and fungicide application.
  3. There is continued interest in downy mildew with the development of new races and fungicide efficacy.  Proposals looking at genetic resistance along with seed treatments with multiple modes of action will be of interest.
  4. Rhizopus can be a concern after the head is damaged by insects, hail, or other damage. Determining if there are management strategies to reduce the impact of the disease is important for growers.
  5. Sclerotinia proposals should be directed to the National Sclerotinia Initiative.
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